NO and OH spectroscopic vibrational temperature measurements in a postshock relaxation region

M. Sharma, J. M. Austin, N. G. Glumac, L. Massa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, spatial temperature profiles are examined in the nonequilibrium relaxation region behind a stationary shock wave in a hypervelocity air Mach 7.42 freestream. The normal shock wave is established through a Mach reflection from an opposing wedge arrangement in an expansion tube facility. Schlieren images confirm that the shock configuration is steady and the location is repeatable. Emission spectroscopy is used to identify dissociated species and to make vibrational temperature measurements using both the nitric oxide and the hydroxyl radical A-X band sequences. Temperature measurements are presented at selected locations behind the normal shock. LIFBASE is used as the simulation spectrum software for OH temperature-fitting; however, the need to access higher vibrational and rotational levels for NO leads to the use of an in-house developed algorithm. For NO, results demonstrate the contribution of higher vibrational and rotational levels to the spectra at the conditions of this study. Very good agreement is achieved between the experimentally measured NO vibrational temperatures and calculations performed using an existing state-resolved, three-dimensional forced-harmonic oscillator thermochemical model. The measured NO vibrational temperatures are significantly higher than the OH temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1434-1443
Number of pages10
JournalAIAA journal
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering


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