Bacteria capable of reduction of nitrous oxide (N2O) to N2 separate into clade I and clade II organisms on the basis of nos operon structures and nosZ sequence features. To explore the possible ecological consequences of distinct nos clusters, the growth of bacterial isolates with either clade I (Pseudomonas stutzeri strain DCP-Ps1, Shewanella loihica strain PV-4) or clade II (Dechloromonas aromatica strain RCB, Anaeromyxobacter dehalogenans strain 2CP-C) nosZ with N2O was examined. Growth curves did not reveal trends distinguishing the clade I and clade II organisms tested; however, the growth yields of clade II organisms exceeded those of clade I organisms by 1.5-to 1.8-fold. Further, whole-cell half-saturation constants (Kss) for N2O distinguished clade I from clade II organisms. The apparent Ks values of 0.324 ± 0.078 μM for D. aromatica and 1.34 ± 0.35 μM for A. dehalogenans were significantly lower than the values measured for P. stutzeri (35.5 ± 9.3 μM) and S. loihica (7.07 ± 1.13 μM). Genome sequencing demonstrated that Dechloromonas denitrificans possessed a clade II nosZ gene, and a measured Ks of 1.01± 0.18 μM for N2O was consistent with the values determined for the other clade II organisms tested. These observations provide a plausible mechanistic basis for why the relative activity of bacteria with clade I nos operons compared to that of bacteria with clade II nos operons may control N2O emissions and determine a soil's N2O sink capacity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology