Nitrogen excretion by laying hens fed with different energetic levels ration and in controlled environments (thermal stress)

Luís Gustavo Figueiredo França, Richard Stephen Gates, Ilda De Fátima Ferreira Tinôco, Cecília Ferreira Souza, Márcia Gabrielle Lima Cândido

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


According to data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), in 2016, 39.5 billion eggs were produced. This production is attributed to the genetic improvement of laying hens, balanced diets and also to the accommodation of these hens in vertical systems. Consequently, this type of production causes a high rate of manure per area. As environmental problems associated with manure, we have the eutrophication of lakes and rivers, soils acidification, and the increase of greenhouse gas emissions. The temperature of environment and the metabolizable energy levels in diet may influence the rate of nitrogen excretion by laying hens. The nitrogen content in the laying hens manure was evaluated during the posture peak. Four climatic chambers were used; Chamber 01 was set at 20°C for 24 hours a day (thermal comfort - control). It is known that elevated temperatures cause higher concentrations of ammonia in the blood of the birds and may provide higher excretions of uric acid, so in Chambers 02, 03 and 04, the animals were subjected to 12 hours of heat stress (25°C, 30°C and 35°C respectively), and 12 hours in 20°C, comfort. Also, the metabolizable energy levels in ration was varied equal to 2700, 2800, 2900 and 3000 kcal/kg. It was concluded that the ambient temperature exerts a positive influence on the nitrogen excretion by hens, which leads to a higher ammonia emission potential to atmosphere. There was no influence of the metabolizable energy levels on excretion of this nutrient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes
EventASABE 2018 Annual International Meeting - Detroit, United States
Duration: Jul 29 2018Aug 1 2018


OtherASABE 2018 Annual International Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Air quality
  • Greenhouse effect
  • Laying hens manure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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