Described herein is the synthesis of the NiIIcomplex (tBuMe2tacn)NiII(cycloneophyl) (tBuMe2tacn = 1-tert-butyl-4,7-dimethyl-1,4,7-triazacyclononane, cycloneophyl = -CH2CMe2-o-C6H4-) and its reactivity with dioxygen and peroxides. The new tBuMe2tacn ligand is designed to enhance the oxidatively induced bond-forming reactivity of high-valent Ni intermediates. Tunable chemoselectivity for Csp2-O vs Csp2-Csp3bond formation was achieved by selecting the appropriate solvent and reaction conditions. Importantly, the use of cumene hydroperoxide and meta-chloroperbenzoic acid suggests a heterolytic O-O bond cleavage upon reaction with (tBuMe2tacn)NiII(cycloneophyl). Mechanistic studies using isotopically labeled H2O2support the generation of a high-valent Ni-oxygen species via an inner-sphere mechanism and subsequent reductive elimination to form the Csp2-O bond. Kinetic studies of the exceptionally fast Csp2-O bond-forming reaction reveal a first-order dependence on both (tBuMe2tacn)NiII(cycloneophyl) and H2O2, and thus an overall second-order reaction. Eyring analysis further suggests that the oxidation of the NiIIcomplex by H2O2is the rate-determining step, which can be modulated by the presence of coordinating solvents. Moreover, computational studies fully support the conclusions drawn from experimental results. Overall, this study reveals for the first time the ability to control the oxidatively induced C-C vs C-O bond formation reactions at a Ni center. Importantly, the described system merges the known organometallic reactivity of Ni with the biomimetic oxidative transformations resembling oxygenases and peroxidases, and involving high-valent metal-oxygen intermediates, which is a novel approach that should lead to unprecedented oxidative catalytic transformations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry