Dalton adzes and toolkits from the American Bottom region are compared with those from northeastern Arkansas. Technological and use-wear analyzes reveal that adzes were made and used in similar ways - primarily for heavy woodworking, possibly for manufacturing canoes. Dalton toolkits are highly formalized, consisting of adzes, scrapers, and points used both as projectiles and knives. Dalton assemblages are often considered late Paleoindian. We argue that Dalton toolkits are hallmarks of an Archaic tradition that focused on woodland and riverine resources. Dalton foragers were the first groups to settle, fully utilize, and occupy the Mississippi Valley and adjacent Ozarks.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - 2010|