New fossil mantidflies (Insecta: Neuroptera: Mantispidae) from the Mesozoic of north-eastern China

James E. Jepson, Sam W. Heads, Vladimir N. Makarkin, Dong Ren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Three new genera and four new species of the extinct mantidfly subfamily Mesomantispinae (Insecta: Neuroptera: Mantispidae) are described from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation of Liaoning and the Middle Jurassic Jiulongshan Formation of Inner Mongolia: Archaeodrepanicus nuddsi gen. et sp. nov., A. acutus gen. et sp. nov., Sinomesomantispa microdentata gen. et sp. nov., (Yixian Formation) and Clavifemora rotundata gen. et sp. nov. (Jiulongshan Formation). The specimens described herein represent the first Mesozoic mantidfly compression fossils to have body parts preserved, including the specialized raptorial forelegs articulated to the prothorax anteriorly, an autapomorphy of the family. These new taxa further confirm the placement of the subfamily Mesomantispinae within the family Mantispidae; however, the monophyly of Mesomantispinae has not been confirmed, and it is likely that it will prove to be paraphyletic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)603-613
Number of pages11
JournalPalaeontology
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013

Keywords

  • Hemerobiiformia
  • Jiulongshan Formation
  • Mantisflies
  • Mesomantispinae
  • Neuropterida
  • Yixian Formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Palaeontology

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