New Family of Anisotropic Zinc-Based Semiconductors in a Shallow Energy Landscape

Ankita Bhutani, Xiao Zhang, Piush Behera, Rangarajan Thiruvengadam, Shannon E. Murray, André Schleife, Daniel P. Shoemaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The grand challenge of synthesizing materials by predictive design remains outstanding because controlling all necessary thermodynamic and kinetic factors quickly becomes intractable, even for well-known systems. Nevertheless, predictions that are strengthened by large amounts of quality data should have well-defined rates of success. Here, we show that density functional theory calculations highlight four chemical landscapes in alkali-zinc-chalcogenide ternary systems that appear to be densely populated by new phases. For such 3d10 systems, the total energy calculations are so accurate that a majority of the newly predicted ground-state phases are synthesized experimentally. Nine new ternary phases are presented, compared to the two that were previously known. The compounds Na2Zn2S3, Na6ZnSe4, Na2ZnSe2, Na2Zn2Se3, K6ZnS4, K2ZnS2, K2Zn3S4, K2ZnSe2, and K2Zn3Se4 are all semiconductors with Zn-S connectivity ranging from zero-to two-dimensional. Their anisotropic structures lead to potential applications in birefringence and UV absorption. Even for relatively common combinations of elements, the potential for computationally informed material discovery remains high.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)326-332
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 14 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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