Never seem to find the time: Evaluating the physiological time course of visual word recognition with regression analysis of single-item event-related potentials

Sarah Laszlo, Kara D Federmeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Visual word recognition is a process that, both hierarchically and in parallel, draws on different types of information ranging from perceptual to orthographic to semantic. A central question concerns when and how these different types of information come online and interact after a word form is initially perceived. Numerous studies addressing aspects of this question have been conducted with a variety of techniques [e.g., behaviour, eye-tracking, event-related potentials (ERPs)], and divergent theoretical models, suggesting different overall speeds of word processing, have coalesced around clusters of mostly method-specific results. Here, we examine the time course of influence of variables ranging from relatively perceptual (e.g., bigram frequency) to relatively semantic (e.g., the number of lexical associates) on ERP responses, analysed at the single-item level. Our results, in combination with a critical review of the literature, suggest methodological, analytic and theoretical factors that may have led to inconsistency in results of past studies; we will argue that consideration of these factors may lead to a reconciliation between divergent views of the speed of word recognition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)642-661
Number of pages20
JournalLanguage, Cognition and Neuroscience
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Evoked Potentials
Semantics
regression analysis
Regression Analysis
semantics
Word Processing
event
reconciliation
Theoretical Models
time
Visual Word Recognition
Time Course
Event-related Potentials
literature
Word Forms
Inconsistency
Bigram Frequency
Word Recognition
Orthographic
Reconciliation

Keywords

  • ERPs
  • Multiple regression
  • Visual word recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

@article{165e55ce5b93497ba05bb844c28f6bd6,
title = "Never seem to find the time: Evaluating the physiological time course of visual word recognition with regression analysis of single-item event-related potentials",
abstract = "Visual word recognition is a process that, both hierarchically and in parallel, draws on different types of information ranging from perceptual to orthographic to semantic. A central question concerns when and how these different types of information come online and interact after a word form is initially perceived. Numerous studies addressing aspects of this question have been conducted with a variety of techniques [e.g., behaviour, eye-tracking, event-related potentials (ERPs)], and divergent theoretical models, suggesting different overall speeds of word processing, have coalesced around clusters of mostly method-specific results. Here, we examine the time course of influence of variables ranging from relatively perceptual (e.g., bigram frequency) to relatively semantic (e.g., the number of lexical associates) on ERP responses, analysed at the single-item level. Our results, in combination with a critical review of the literature, suggest methodological, analytic and theoretical factors that may have led to inconsistency in results of past studies; we will argue that consideration of these factors may lead to a reconciliation between divergent views of the speed of word recognition.",
keywords = "ERPs, Multiple regression, Visual word recognition",
author = "Sarah Laszlo and Federmeier, {Kara D}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/01690965.2013.866259",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "29",
pages = "642--661",
journal = "Language, Cognition and Neuroscience",
issn = "2327-3798",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Never seem to find the time

T2 - Evaluating the physiological time course of visual word recognition with regression analysis of single-item event-related potentials

AU - Laszlo, Sarah

AU - Federmeier, Kara D

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Visual word recognition is a process that, both hierarchically and in parallel, draws on different types of information ranging from perceptual to orthographic to semantic. A central question concerns when and how these different types of information come online and interact after a word form is initially perceived. Numerous studies addressing aspects of this question have been conducted with a variety of techniques [e.g., behaviour, eye-tracking, event-related potentials (ERPs)], and divergent theoretical models, suggesting different overall speeds of word processing, have coalesced around clusters of mostly method-specific results. Here, we examine the time course of influence of variables ranging from relatively perceptual (e.g., bigram frequency) to relatively semantic (e.g., the number of lexical associates) on ERP responses, analysed at the single-item level. Our results, in combination with a critical review of the literature, suggest methodological, analytic and theoretical factors that may have led to inconsistency in results of past studies; we will argue that consideration of these factors may lead to a reconciliation between divergent views of the speed of word recognition.

AB - Visual word recognition is a process that, both hierarchically and in parallel, draws on different types of information ranging from perceptual to orthographic to semantic. A central question concerns when and how these different types of information come online and interact after a word form is initially perceived. Numerous studies addressing aspects of this question have been conducted with a variety of techniques [e.g., behaviour, eye-tracking, event-related potentials (ERPs)], and divergent theoretical models, suggesting different overall speeds of word processing, have coalesced around clusters of mostly method-specific results. Here, we examine the time course of influence of variables ranging from relatively perceptual (e.g., bigram frequency) to relatively semantic (e.g., the number of lexical associates) on ERP responses, analysed at the single-item level. Our results, in combination with a critical review of the literature, suggest methodological, analytic and theoretical factors that may have led to inconsistency in results of past studies; we will argue that consideration of these factors may lead to a reconciliation between divergent views of the speed of word recognition.

KW - ERPs

KW - Multiple regression

KW - Visual word recognition

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84904890412&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84904890412&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/01690965.2013.866259

DO - 10.1080/01690965.2013.866259

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84904890412

VL - 29

SP - 642

EP - 661

JO - Language, Cognition and Neuroscience

JF - Language, Cognition and Neuroscience

SN - 2327-3798

IS - 5

ER -