Neural correlates of emotion-attention interactions: From perception, learning, and memory to social cognition, individual differences, and training interventions

Florin Dolcos, Yuta Katsumi, Matthew Moore, Nick Berggren, Beatrice de Gelder, Nazanin Derakshan, Alfons O. Hamm, Ernst H.W. Koster, Cecile D. Ladouceur, Hadas Okon-Singer, Alan J. Pegna, Thalia Richter, Susanne Schweizer, Jan Van den Stock, Carlos Ventura-Bort, Mathias Weymar, Sanda Dolcos

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Due to their ability to capture attention, emotional stimuli tend to benefit from enhanced perceptual processing, which can be helpful when such stimuli are task-relevant but hindering when they are task-irrelevant. Altered emotion-attention interactions have been associated with symptoms of affective disturbances, and emerging research focuses on improving emotion-attention interactions to prevent or treat affective disorders. In line with the Human Affectome Project's emphasis on linguistic components, we also analyzed the language used to describe attention-related aspects of emotion, and highlighted terms related to domains such as conscious awareness, motivational effects of attention, social attention, and emotion regulation. These terms were discussed within a broader review of available evidence regarding the neural correlates of (1) Emotion-Attention Interactions in Perception, (2) Emotion-Attention Interactions in Learning and Memory, (3) Individual Differences in Emotion-Attention Interactions, and (4) Training and Interventions to Optimize Emotion-Attention Interactions. This comprehensive approach enabled an integrative overview of the current knowledge regarding the mechanisms of emotion-attention interactions at multiple levels of analysis, and identification of emerging directions for future investigations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)559-601
Number of pages43
JournalNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Volume108
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Affective neuroscience
  • Attention
  • Emotion
  • Health and well-being
  • Individual differences
  • Learning and memory
  • Linguistics
  • Neuroimaging
  • Perception
  • Psychophysiology
  • Training interventions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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    Dolcos, F., Katsumi, Y., Moore, M., Berggren, N., de Gelder, B., Derakshan, N., Hamm, A. O., Koster, E. H. W., Ladouceur, C. D., Okon-Singer, H., Pegna, A. J., Richter, T., Schweizer, S., Van den Stock, J., Ventura-Bort, C., Weymar, M., & Dolcos, S. (2020). Neural correlates of emotion-attention interactions: From perception, learning, and memory to social cognition, individual differences, and training interventions. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 108, 559-601. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2019.08.017