Net carbon exchange and evapotranspiration in postfire and intact sagebrush communities in the Great Basin

Margaret R. Prater, Daniel Obrist, John A. Arnone, Evan H Delucia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Invasion of non-native annuals across the Intermountain West is causing a widespread transition from perennial sagebrush communities to fire-prone annual herbaceous communities and grasslands. To determine how this invasion affects ecosystem function, carbon and water fluxes were quantified in three, paired sagebrush and adjacent postfire communities in the northern Great Basin using a 1-m 3 gas exchange chamber. Most of the plant cover in the postfire communities was invasive species including Bromus tectorum L., Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn and Sisymbrium altissimum L. Instantaneous morning net carbon exchange (NCE) and evapotranspiration (ET) in native shrub plots were greater than either intershrub or postfire plots. Native sagebrush communities were net carbon sinks (mean NCE 0.2-4.3 μmol m -2 s -1 ) throughout the growing season. The magnitude and seasonal variation of NCE in the postfire communities were controlled by the dominant species and availability of soil moisture. Net C exchange in postfire communities dominated by perennial bunchgrasses was similar to sagebrush. However, communities dominated by annuals (cheatgrass and mustard) had significantly lower NCE than sagebrush and became net sources of carbon to the atmosphere (NCE declined to -0.5 μmol m -2 s -1 ) with increased severity of the summer drought. Differences in the patterns of ET led to lower surface soil moisture content and increased soil temperatures during summer in the cheatgrass-dominated community compared to the adjacent sagebrush community. Intensive measurements at one site revealed that temporal and spatial patterns of NCE and ET were correlated most closely with changes in leaf area in each community. By altering the patterns of carbon and water exchange, conversion of native sagebrush to postfire invasive communities may disrupt surface-atmosphere exchange and degrade the carbon storage capacity of these systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)595-607
Number of pages13
JournalOecologia
Volume146
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

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Artemisia
evapotranspiration
basins
carbon
basin
Bromus tectorum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Intermountain West region
soil moisture
Agropyron cristatum
atmosphere
carbon sink
summer
ground cover plants
water exchange
ecosystem function
gas exchange
carbon sequestration
carbon sinks
invasive species

Keywords

  • Artemisia tridentata
  • Bromus tectorum
  • Carbon flux
  • Invasion
  • Water flux

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Net carbon exchange and evapotranspiration in postfire and intact sagebrush communities in the Great Basin. / Prater, Margaret R.; Obrist, Daniel; Arnone, John A.; Delucia, Evan H.

In: Oecologia, Vol. 146, No. 4, 01.01.2006, p. 595-607.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Prater, Margaret R. ; Obrist, Daniel ; Arnone, John A. ; Delucia, Evan H. / Net carbon exchange and evapotranspiration in postfire and intact sagebrush communities in the Great Basin. In: Oecologia. 2006 ; Vol. 146, No. 4. pp. 595-607.
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