Neighborhood resources, racial segregation, and economic mobility: Results from the Gautreaux program

Ruby Mendenhall, Stefanie DeLuca, Greg Duncan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study uses the unique design of the Gautreaux residential mobility program to estimate the long-run impacts of placement neighborhood conditions on the AFDC receipt (N = 793) and employment levels (N = 1258) of low-income Black women. We find that women initially placed in neighborhoods with few Black residents and moderate to high neighborhood resources experienced significantly more time employed when compared with women placed in neighborhoods with higher concentrations of Blacks and a low level of resources. Women placed in neighborhoods with high levels of resources and low Black populations also spent significantly less time on welfare than women placed in highly Black segregated areas with low levels of resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)892-923
Number of pages32
JournalSocial Science Research
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Employment
  • Neighborhood effects
  • Racial segregation
  • Welfare

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Neighborhood resources, racial segregation, and economic mobility: Results from the Gautreaux program'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this