Selectively oxidized vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) have been studied by spectrally resolved near-field scanning optical microscopy. We have obtained spatially and spectrally resolved images of both subthreshold emission and lasing emission from a selectively oxidized VCSEL operating at a wavelength of 850 nm. Below threshold, highly local high gain regions, emitting local intensity maxima within the active area, were observed; these were found to serve as lasing centers just above threshold. Above threshold, the near-field spatial modal distributions of low order transverse modes were identified by spectrally analyzing the emission; these were found to be complex and somewhat different from those measured in the far field.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)