Navigating the "noxious" and "invasive" regulatory landscape, or lack thereof: Suggestions for improved regulatory preformance

Lauren D. Quinn, Jacob N. Barney, James S N McCubbins, A. Bryan Endres

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

In the United States, only species listed on state or federal noxious weed lists are regulated. According to our analysis, these regulatory lists poorly represent invasive plants in unmanaged (i.e., nonagricultural) systems. To improve the representation of invasive plants on state regulatory lists, we recommend allocating listing authority to invasive species councils and provide guidance for the science-based reform of noxious weed lists. We also recommend commercial best practices to test for invasiveness prior to intentional introduction of new plant products. Finally, we introduce a negligence liability scheme to discourage the introduction of potential invaders. If adopted, our recommendations could benefit nonagricultural ecosystems and could have positive consequences for bioenergy producers and others in plant industry, who are under scrutiny for promoting potentially invasive species as energy crops. As the bioenergy industry gains momentum, a revised regulatory regime may alleviate the concerns regarding one potential negative consequence of novel plant introduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)124-131
Number of pages8
JournalBioScience
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013

Fingerprint

noxious weeds
invasive species
plant industry
bioenergy industry
plant products
energy crops
momentum
introduced plants
Introduced Species
bioenergy
Industry
ecosystems
Malpractice
Practice Guidelines
testing
Ecosystem

Keywords

  • Bioenergy
  • invasive
  • liability
  • negligence
  • noxious weed list

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Navigating the "noxious" and "invasive" regulatory landscape, or lack thereof : Suggestions for improved regulatory preformance. / Quinn, Lauren D.; Barney, Jacob N.; McCubbins, James S N; Endres, A. Bryan.

In: BioScience, Vol. 63, No. 2, 01.02.2013, p. 124-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Quinn, Lauren D. ; Barney, Jacob N. ; McCubbins, James S N ; Endres, A. Bryan. / Navigating the "noxious" and "invasive" regulatory landscape, or lack thereof : Suggestions for improved regulatory preformance. In: BioScience. 2013 ; Vol. 63, No. 2. pp. 124-131.
@article{0dc9aed390cf4a26975e2a93d0412e77,
title = "Navigating the {"}noxious{"} and {"}invasive{"} regulatory landscape, or lack thereof: Suggestions for improved regulatory preformance",
abstract = "In the United States, only species listed on state or federal noxious weed lists are regulated. According to our analysis, these regulatory lists poorly represent invasive plants in unmanaged (i.e., nonagricultural) systems. To improve the representation of invasive plants on state regulatory lists, we recommend allocating listing authority to invasive species councils and provide guidance for the science-based reform of noxious weed lists. We also recommend commercial best practices to test for invasiveness prior to intentional introduction of new plant products. Finally, we introduce a negligence liability scheme to discourage the introduction of potential invaders. If adopted, our recommendations could benefit nonagricultural ecosystems and could have positive consequences for bioenergy producers and others in plant industry, who are under scrutiny for promoting potentially invasive species as energy crops. As the bioenergy industry gains momentum, a revised regulatory regime may alleviate the concerns regarding one potential negative consequence of novel plant introduction.",
keywords = "Bioenergy, invasive, liability, negligence, noxious weed list",
author = "Quinn, {Lauren D.} and Barney, {Jacob N.} and McCubbins, {James S N} and Endres, {A. Bryan}",
year = "2013",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1525/bio.2013.63.2.8",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "63",
pages = "124--131",
journal = "BioScience",
issn = "0006-3568",
publisher = "American Institute of Biological Sciences",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Navigating the "noxious" and "invasive" regulatory landscape, or lack thereof

T2 - Suggestions for improved regulatory preformance

AU - Quinn, Lauren D.

AU - Barney, Jacob N.

AU - McCubbins, James S N

AU - Endres, A. Bryan

PY - 2013/2/1

Y1 - 2013/2/1

N2 - In the United States, only species listed on state or federal noxious weed lists are regulated. According to our analysis, these regulatory lists poorly represent invasive plants in unmanaged (i.e., nonagricultural) systems. To improve the representation of invasive plants on state regulatory lists, we recommend allocating listing authority to invasive species councils and provide guidance for the science-based reform of noxious weed lists. We also recommend commercial best practices to test for invasiveness prior to intentional introduction of new plant products. Finally, we introduce a negligence liability scheme to discourage the introduction of potential invaders. If adopted, our recommendations could benefit nonagricultural ecosystems and could have positive consequences for bioenergy producers and others in plant industry, who are under scrutiny for promoting potentially invasive species as energy crops. As the bioenergy industry gains momentum, a revised regulatory regime may alleviate the concerns regarding one potential negative consequence of novel plant introduction.

AB - In the United States, only species listed on state or federal noxious weed lists are regulated. According to our analysis, these regulatory lists poorly represent invasive plants in unmanaged (i.e., nonagricultural) systems. To improve the representation of invasive plants on state regulatory lists, we recommend allocating listing authority to invasive species councils and provide guidance for the science-based reform of noxious weed lists. We also recommend commercial best practices to test for invasiveness prior to intentional introduction of new plant products. Finally, we introduce a negligence liability scheme to discourage the introduction of potential invaders. If adopted, our recommendations could benefit nonagricultural ecosystems and could have positive consequences for bioenergy producers and others in plant industry, who are under scrutiny for promoting potentially invasive species as energy crops. As the bioenergy industry gains momentum, a revised regulatory regime may alleviate the concerns regarding one potential negative consequence of novel plant introduction.

KW - Bioenergy

KW - invasive

KW - liability

KW - negligence

KW - noxious weed list

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84873616700&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84873616700&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1525/bio.2013.63.2.8

DO - 10.1525/bio.2013.63.2.8

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:84873616700

VL - 63

SP - 124

EP - 131

JO - BioScience

JF - BioScience

SN - 0006-3568

IS - 2

ER -