Native Black Bass Initiative: Implementing Watershed-Scale Approaches to Conservation of Endemic Black Bass and Other Native Fishes in the Southern United States

Timothy W. Birdsong, Micheal S. Allen, Julie E. Claussen, Gary P. Garrett, Timothy B. Grabowski, Jessica Graham, Fred Harris, Andrew Hartzog, Dean Hendrickson, Richard A. Krause, Jean K. Leitner, James M. Long, Christopher K. Metcalf, David P. Philipp, Wesley F. Porak, Scott K. Robinson, Steven M. Sammons, Stephanie L. Shaw, Joe E. Slaughter, Michael D. Tringali

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Rivers and streams of the southern United States contain more than 1,800 aquatic species, 500 of which are regionally endemic. At present, 34% of the fish species and 90% of the mussel species in peril nationwide are found in these systems. Declines in these imperiled species are due to many factors, including hydrologic alteration, degraded water quality, loss of instream and watershed connectivity, physical habitat degradation, and the negative effects of nonindigenous species (e.g., predation on, competition with, and hybridization with native forms). In addition, this situation is exacerbated through human population growth, competing water demands, land-use changes, and other interrelated issues. If unchecked, these issues will likely continue to contribute to the imperilment and loss of native species in the region. Of the nine described species and subspecies of black bass, six are endemic to the southern United States: Guadalupe Bass Micropterus treculii, Shoal Bass M. cataractae, Redeye Bass M. coosae, Florida Bass M. floridanus, Alabama Bass M. henshalli, and Suwannee Bass M. notius. In addition, undescribed species and subspecies also exist and all are in need of conservation measures to prevent them from becoming imperiled. In an effort to focus and coordinate actions to support the long-term persistence of endemic black bass populations, local, state, and federal agencies, universities, nongovernmental organizations, and corporations from across the region joined with the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation to form the Native Black Bass Initiative (NBBI). The NBBI provides regional conservation strategies, objectives, and targets to restore and preserve functional processes in those watersheds that support natural habitat conditions and sustainable populations of endemic black bass and other native fishes of the region. Initial actions implemented through the NBBI focus on addressing the conservation needs of Guadalupe Bass in streams of the Edwards Plateau ecoregion of Texas, Redeye Bass in the Savannah River watershed of Georgia and South Carolina, and Shoal Bass populations in the Apalachicola River watershed of Alabama, Florida, and Georgia.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBlack Bass Diversity
Subtitle of host publicationMultidisciplinary Science for Conservation
EditorsMichael D Tringali, James M Long, Timothy W Birdsong, Micheal S Allen
PublisherAmerican Fisheries Society
Pages363-378
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9781934874400
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2015

Publication series

NameAmerican Fisheries Society Symposium
Number82

Keywords

  • INHS

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