Nanostructured platinum-iridium alloy microelectrode with high surface area was successfully prepared by applying successive potential cycles to a conventional PtIr microdisc in ionic liquid electrolyte containing ZnCl2 at elevated temperature. Scanning-electron microscope studies show that a very thin nanostructured film was created on the electrode upon 20 potential cycles between −2.0 and 0.75 V versus a Ag pseudo-reference electrode. The film nanostructures are characteristic of regular hill-like nano-spacings separated by valley-like nano-cracks, and a roughness factor of approximately 40. The nanostructured electrode is highly active towards electrochemical oxidation of ammonia, and generates a linear relation between voltammetric peak currents (or chronoamperometric currents), and logarithm of ammonia concentration in a range of approximately 1 ppm to 10000 ppm. It has been proposed that the Temkin adsorption of ammonia from the bulk solution onto the electrode surfaces was involved in its electrochemical oxidation and could be responsible for the linear current-logarithmic concentration relation.
- Electrochemical deposition and dissolution
- Nanostructured microelectrode
- Ammonia determination
- Temkin isotherm
- Platinum-Iridium alloy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry