Nanoliter volume, high-resolution NMR microspectroscopy using a 60-/m planar microcoil

J. E. Stocker, A. G. Webb, T. L. Peck, M. Feng, R. L. Magin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Previous studies demonstrated the feasibility of using 100-jum inner diameter planar spiral inductors (microcoils) as detectors in 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) microspectroscopy. However, high-resolution NMR applications were not possible due to poor spectral resolution and low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). These limitations in performance have now been largely overcome by using a nonconductive liquid fluorocarbon (FC-43) to minimize the effects of susceptibility mismatch between materials, and by carefully optimizing the microcoil geometry for maximum SNR. In this study, liquid samples were loaded into a fused silica capillary (75-jum inner diameter, 147jum outer diameter). The capillary was positioned 50 /urn above a 3.5-turn microcoil so that approximately 1 nL of the sample was present in the sensitive region of the microcoil. The microcoil was fabricated on a gallium arsenide substrate with an inner diameter of 60 /urn, an outer diameter of 200 /urn, trace width of 10 /urn, trace spacing of 10 /urn, and trace height of 3 /urn. At 5.9 T (250 MHz) in 1H-NMR microspectroscopy experiments using a spectral width of 1 kHz, 4096 sampled data points, and a recovery delay of 1 s, a SNR of 25 (per acquisition) and a spectral linewidth of less than 2 Hz were obtained from a sample of water. These results demonstrate that planar microcoils can be used for high-resolution NMR microspectroscopy. Such coils may also be suitable for localized NMR studies at the cellular level and as detectors in capillary electrophoresis or microbore liquid chromatography. i

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1122-1127
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1997


  • Magnetic resonance
  • Microcoil
  • Spectroscopy
  • Surface coil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering


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