We report fabrication and use of a flexible array of nano-apertures for photolithography on curved surfaces. The batch-fabricated apertures are formed of metal-coated silicone tips. The apertures are formed at the end of the silicone tips by either electrochemical etching of the metal or plasma etching of a protective mask followed by wet chemical etching. The apertures are as small as 250nm on substrates larger than several millimeters. We demonstrate how the nano-aperture array can be used for nano-fabrication on flat and curved substrates, and show the subsequent fabrication steps to form large arrays of sub-micron aluminum dots or vertical silicon wires.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering