Nano-Assembly of Pamitoyl-Bioconjugated Coenzyme-A for Combinatorial Chemo-Biologics in Transcriptional Therapy

Santosh K. Misra, Taylor L. Kampert, DIpanjan Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pathogenesis, the biological mechanism that leads to the diseased state, of many cancers is driven by interruptions to the role of Myc oncoprotein, a regulator protein that codes for a transcription factor. One of the most significant biological interruptions to Myc protein is noted as its dimerization with Max protein, another important factor of family of transcription factors. Binding of this heterodimer to E-Boxes, enhancer boxes as DNA response element found in some eukaryotes that act as a protein-binding site and have been found to regulate gene expression, are interrupted to regulate cancer pathogenesis. The systemic effectiveness of potent small molecule inhibitors of Myc-Max dimerization has been limited by poor bioavailability, rapid metabolism, and inadequate target site penetration. The potential of gene therapy for targeting Myc can be fully realized by successful synthesis of a smart cargo. We developed a "nuclein" type nanoparticle "siNozyme" (45 ± 5 nm) from nanoassembly of pamitoyl-bioconjugated acetyl coenzyme-A for stable incorporation of chemotherapeutics and biologics to achieve remarkable growth inhibition of human melanoma. Results indicated that targeting transcriptional gene cMyc with siRNA with codelivery of a topoisomerase inhibitor, amonafide caused ∼90% growth inhibition and 95% protein inhibition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1419-1427
Number of pages9
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 18 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry

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