Myeloid sarcoma of the thoracic spine: A case report

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Background: Myeloid sarcoma is an uncommon malignant neoplasm that typically arises at extramedullary sites and is associated with a diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia. While myeloid sarcoma can involve any organ, central nervous system involvement is rare, particularly in the adult population. Case Description: An 87-year-old female presented with progressive paraparesis of 5 days' duration. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an epidural tumor from T4 to T7 with cord compression. When she underwent a laminectomy for tumor resection, the pathology revealed a myeloid sarcoma with monocytic differentiation. Although she improved postoperatively, she elected to pursue hospice care and expired 4 months later. Conclusion: Myeloid sarcoma is an uncommon malignant spinal neoplasm rarely seen in adults. For this 87-yearold female, MRI-documented cord compression warranted decompressive surgery. Although this patient did not opt for adjuvant therapy, other patients with such lesions may undergo additional chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Nevertheless, optimal management for such malignant tumor is still undefined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number35
JournalSurgical Neurology International
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Chloroma
  • Cord compression
  • Granulocytic sarcoma
  • Myeloid sarcoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery


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