The amino-terminal domain of a eukaryotic signal peptide, from bovine parathyroid hormone, was altered by in vitro mutagenesis of the cDNA. The function of "internalized" signal sequence mutants and of deletion mutants was assayed using an in vitro translation-translocation system. The addition of 11 amino acids to the NH2 terminus of the signal peptide did not prevent normal processing of the precursor protein, whereas a 23-amino acid extension blocked processing. These data suggest that the NH2-terminal sequences of internal signal peptides must be permissive of the signal function. Deletion of 6 NH2-terminal amino acids from the signal peptide had no effect on its cleavage by microsomal membranes, but removal of 10 or 13 amino acids, including all charged residues prior to the hydrophobic core, prevented processing. For both the extension and deletion mutations, processed proteins were protected from proteolytic digestion, whereas unprocessed forms were not, which indicated that the unprocessed mutant proteins were not translocated across the microsomal membrane. Translation of both the extension and deletion translocation-deficient mutants was arrested by signal recognition particle, and salt-washed microsomal membranes reversed the translational arrest. These data demonstrate that the NH2-terminal domain is not required for the interaction of signal recognition particle with the signal peptide or with signal recognition particle receptor, but is required for formation of a maximally translocation-competent complex with the microsomal membrane.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jun 25 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology