The functional importance of the amino terminus of the Helicobacter pylori vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA) was investigated by analyzing the relative levels of vacuolation of HeLa cells transfected with plasmids encoding wild-type and mutant forms of the toxin. Notably, VacA's intracellular activity was found to be sensitive to small truncations and internal deletions at the toxin's amino terminus. Moreover, alanine-scanning mutagenesis revealed the first VacA point mutations (at proline 9 or glycine 14) that completely abolish the toxin's intracellular activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases