Mutagenicity of municipal water obtained from an agricultural area

M. W. Heartlein, D. M. Demarini, A. J. Katz, H. E. Brockman, J. C. Means, Michael Jacob Plewa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have studied the mutagenicity of the water from Lake Bloomington and of the tap water that is made from the lake water. The lake, which is the source of drinking water for Bloomington, Illinois (pop. 44,000), is surrounded by land that is farmed intensively ‐ being mainly in maize and soybeans. Samples were collected monthly from May through October 1979 and concentrated 3,000× with XAD‐2 resin. Nearly all of the lake and tap water concentrates were mutagenic in Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100 in the presence of S‐9 mix, and the May tap water concentrate was highly mutagenic. In addition, many of the concentrates were toxic to the bacteria in the absence of S‐9 mix. Chemical analysis of the highly mutagenic tap water concentrate from May revealed the presence of a number of organic contaminants that were absent from control concentrates prepared from deionized and distilled treated well water. In addition, unconcentrated lake and tap water were tested in a reverse‐mutation test in maize (Zea mays); no mutagenicity was detected. This study indicates that the contamination of drinking water with agricultural and/or industrial chemicals may result in a potential health hazard.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)519-530
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Mutagenesis
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1981

Fingerprint

Lakes
Water
Zea mays
Drinking Water
Poisons
Salmonella typhimurium
Soybeans
Bacteria
Health

Keywords

  • GC/MS
  • Salmonella
  • XAD‐2 resin
  • maize
  • pesticides
  • water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Heartlein, M. W., Demarini, D. M., Katz, A. J., Brockman, H. E., Means, J. C., & Plewa, M. J. (1981). Mutagenicity of municipal water obtained from an agricultural area. Environmental Mutagenesis, 3(5), 519-530. https://doi.org/10.1002/em.2860030504

Mutagenicity of municipal water obtained from an agricultural area. / Heartlein, M. W.; Demarini, D. M.; Katz, A. J.; Brockman, H. E.; Means, J. C.; Plewa, Michael Jacob.

In: Environmental Mutagenesis, Vol. 3, No. 5, 1981, p. 519-530.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Heartlein, MW, Demarini, DM, Katz, AJ, Brockman, HE, Means, JC & Plewa, MJ 1981, 'Mutagenicity of municipal water obtained from an agricultural area', Environmental Mutagenesis, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 519-530. https://doi.org/10.1002/em.2860030504
Heartlein MW, Demarini DM, Katz AJ, Brockman HE, Means JC, Plewa MJ. Mutagenicity of municipal water obtained from an agricultural area. Environmental Mutagenesis. 1981;3(5):519-530. https://doi.org/10.1002/em.2860030504
Heartlein, M. W. ; Demarini, D. M. ; Katz, A. J. ; Brockman, H. E. ; Means, J. C. ; Plewa, Michael Jacob. / Mutagenicity of municipal water obtained from an agricultural area. In: Environmental Mutagenesis. 1981 ; Vol. 3, No. 5. pp. 519-530.
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