Muscarinic receptors regulate auditory and prefrontal cortical communication during auditory processing

Nicholas M. James, Howard J. Gritton, Nancy Kopell, Kamal Sen, Xue Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Much of our understanding about how acetylcholine modulates prefrontal cortical (PFC) networks comes from behavioral experiments that examine cortical dynamics during highly attentive states. However, much less is known about how PFC is recruited during passive sensory processing and how acetylcholine may regulate connectivity between cortical areas outside of task performance. To investigate the involvement of PFC and cholinergic neuromodulation in passive auditory processing, we performed simultaneous recordings in the auditory cortex (AC) and PFC in awake head fixed mice presented with a white noise auditory stimulus in the presence or absence of local cholinergic antagonists in AC. We found that a subset of PFC neurons were strongly driven by auditory stimuli even when the stimulus had no associative meaning, suggesting PFC monitors stimuli under passive conditions. We also found that cholinergic signaling in AC shapes the strength of auditory driven responses in PFC, by modulating the intra-cortical sensory response through muscarinic interactions in AC. Taken together, these findings provide novel evidence that cholinergic mechanisms have a continuous role in cortical gating through muscarinic receptors during passive processing and expand traditional views of prefrontal cortical function and the contributions of cholinergic modulation in cortical communication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-171
Number of pages17
JournalNeuropharmacology
Volume144
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine
  • Auditory cortex
  • Cortical gating
  • Prefrontal cortex
  • Sensory processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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