Multiscale computation of fluid and ion transport in nanochannels: The effect of partial charges

Sony Joseph, Aveek N. Chatterjee, N. R. Aluru

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Effects of nanoscale confinement and partial charges that stem from quantum calculations are investigated by using a hierarchical multiscale methodology in silica slit channels filled with l M KCl. Partial charges of both bulk and surface atoms from abinitio quantum calculations that take into account bond polarization is used in molecular dynamics simulations to obtain ion and water concentration profiles for channel widths of 1.371, 2.235 and 3.09 nm. By simulating corresponding channels with no partial charges it was observed that the partial charges affect the concentration profiles till a distance of about 0.8 nm from the surface. Both in the uncharged and charged cases, oscillations in concentration profiles of K+ and Cl- ions gives rise to an electroosmotic flow in the presence of an external electric field contrary to the expectations from continuum theory. The I-V characteristics are significantly altered by partial charges for slits less than 2.5 nm in width.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings
EditorsM. Laudon, B. Romanowicz
Pages601-604
Number of pages4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
Event2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 - Anaheim, CA, United States
Duration: May 8 2005May 12 2005

Publication series

Name2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings

Other

Other2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005
CountryUnited States
CityAnaheim, CA
Period5/8/055/12/05

Keywords

  • Electroosmotic flow
  • Nanofluidics
  • Partial charges
  • Silica channels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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  • Cite this

    Joseph, S., Chatterjee, A. N., & Aluru, N. R. (2005). Multiscale computation of fluid and ion transport in nanochannels: The effect of partial charges. In M. Laudon, & B. Romanowicz (Eds.), 2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings (pp. 601-604). (2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings).