In engineering design problems, performance functions evaluate the quality of designs. Among the designs, some of them are classified as good designs if responses from performance functions satisfy a target point or range. An infinite set of good designs in the design space is defined as a solution space of the design problem. In practice, since the performance functions are analytical models or black-box simulations which are computationally expensive, it is difficult to obtain a complete solution space. In this paper, a method that finds a finite set of good designs, which is included in a solution space, is proposed. The method formulates the problem as optimization problems and utilizes gray wolf optimizer (GWO) in the way of design exploration. Target points of the exploration process are defined by clustering intermediate solutions for every iteration. The method is tested with a simple two-dimensional problem and an automotive vehicle design problem to validate and check the quality of solution points.
|Journal of Mechanical Design - Transactions of the ASME
|Published - Sep 1 2019
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Computer Science Applications
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design