Two designs for incorporating multiple solenoidal microcoils into a single probe head are presented to increase the throughput of high-resolution NMR. Through a combination of radio frequency switches and low-noise amplifiers, multiple NMR spectra can be acquired in the same time as a single spectrum from a conventional probe consisting of one coil. Since this method does not compromise sensitivity with regard to the individual microcoils, throughput increases linearly with the number of coils. Only one receiver is needed, and data acquisition parameters can be optimized for each sample. Specifically, a four-coil system has been implemented for proton NMR at 250 MHz using a wide-bore magnet, with an observe volume of 28 nL for each microcoil. Signal cross-contamination was ~0.2% between individual coils, and simultaneous one- and two-dimensional spectra have been obtained from samples of fructose, galactose, adenosine triphosphate, and chloroquine (7 nmol of each compound). A more compact two-coil configuration has also been designed for operation at 500 MHz, with observe volumes of 5 and 31 nL for the two coils. One- and two-dimensional spectra were acquired from samples of 1-butanol (55 nmol) and ethylbenzene (250 nmol).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry