Multiaddressable Photochromic Architectures: From Molecules to Materials

Hui Nie, Jeffrey L. Self, Alexa S. Kuenstler, Ryan C. Hayward, Javier Read de Alaniz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Multiaddressable architectures comprising light-responsive photochromic molecules and different stimuli-responsive components are appealing platforms for intelligent materials because of not only the potential diversity of components and corresponding properties, but also the functions resulting from their synergistic interactions. A variety of multiaddressable photochromic architectures are being designed to meet the demands of applications in different areas ranging from molecular machines to smart materials. This review highlights exciting recent advances in the field of multiaddressable systems that employ photoswitching molecules, specifically with regard to photo-/chemical-addressable, photo-/pH-addressable, photo-/thermal-addressable, photo-/redox-addressable, and multi-photoaddressable architectures. Design concepts, crosstalk between different components, and photoswitch integration in these multiaddressable systems are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1900224
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • multiaddressable systems
  • orthogonal control
  • photoacids
  • photoswitches
  • stimuli-responsive components

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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