Multi-trait genomic selection can increase selection accuracy for deoxynivalenol accumulation resulting from fusarium head blight in wheat

Rupesh Gaire, Marcio Pais de Arruda, Mohsen Mohammadi, Gina Brown-Guedira, Frederic L. Kolb, Jessica Rutkoski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Multi-trait genomic prediction (MTGP) can improve selection accuracy for economically valuable ‘primary’ traits by incorporating data on correlated secondary traits. Resistance to Fusarium head blight (FHB), a fungal disease of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), is evaluated using four genetically correlated traits: incidence (INC), severity (SEV), Fusarium damaged kernels (FDK), and deoxynivalenol content (DON). Both FDK and DON are primary traits; DON evaluation is expensive and usually requires several months for wheat breeders to get results from service laboratories performing the evaluations. We evaluated MTGP for DON using three soft red winter wheat breeding datasets: two diversity panels from the University of Illinois (IL) and Purdue University (PU) and a dataset consisting of 2019–2020 University of Illinois breeding cohorts. For DON, relative to single-trait (ST) genomic prediction, MTGP including phenotypic data for secondary traits on both validation and training sets, resulted in 23.4 and 10.6% higher predictive abilities in IL and PU panels, respectively. The MTGP models were advantageous only when secondary traits were included in both training and validation sets. In addition, MTGP models were more accurate than ST models only when FDK was included, and once FDK was included in the model, adding additional traits hardly improved accuracy. Evaluation of MTGP models across testing cohorts indicated that MTGP could increase accuracy by more than twofold in the early stages. Overall, we show that MTGP can increase selection accuracy for resistance to DON accumulation in wheat provided FDK is evaluated on the selection candidates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere20188
JournalPlant Genome
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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