MULTI-DRUG RESISTANCE PATTERNS of ENTERIC BACTERIA in TWO POPULATIONS of FREE-RANGING EASTERN BOX TURTLES (TERRAPENE CAROLINA CAROLINA)

Cari Rasmussen, Matthew C Allender, Christopher A Phillips, John Byrd, Terrell Lloyd, Carol W Maddox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Gram-negative isolates (n = 84) from 71% of free-ranging Eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina) in Illinois and Tennessee, United States, demonstrated resistance to at least one antibiotic while 30% of isolates demonstrated resistance to two or more antibiotics. Resistance was observed against cefoxitin, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, cefazolin, ampicillin, ticarcillin, cefovecin, and ceftiofur. Gram-positive bacteria were isolated from 49 turtles, and all were observed to be resistant to two or more antibiotics. Gram-positive isolate resistance was observed to penicillin, cefoxitin, oxacillin, clindamycin, amikacin, enrofloxacin, cefovecin, ceftiofur, cefazolin, marbofloxacin, gentamicin, erythromycin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and chloramphenicol. Health parameters including packed cell volume, total white blood cell count (WBC), total solids (TS), and weight were not significantly different based on antibiotic resistance patterns; however, decreasing WBC and TS were observed when the number of antibiotic-resistant detections in Gram-positive bacteria increased.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)708-715
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Fingerprint

Turtles
multiple drug resistance
Multiple Drug Resistance
cefovecin
antibiotics
cefazolin
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Cefoxitin
Cefazolin
ceftiofur
Gram-Positive Bacteria
total solids
Gram-positive bacteria
Leukocyte Count
leukocyte count
ticarcillin
marbofloxacin
Ticarcillin
oxacillin
clavulanic acid

Keywords

  • Box turtle
  • Citrobacter
  • Enterococcus
  • antibiotic resistance
  • ecosystem health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

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title = "MULTI-DRUG RESISTANCE PATTERNS of ENTERIC BACTERIA in TWO POPULATIONS of FREE-RANGING EASTERN BOX TURTLES (TERRAPENE CAROLINA CAROLINA)",
abstract = "Gram-negative isolates (n = 84) from 71{\%} of free-ranging Eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina) in Illinois and Tennessee, United States, demonstrated resistance to at least one antibiotic while 30{\%} of isolates demonstrated resistance to two or more antibiotics. Resistance was observed against cefoxitin, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, cefazolin, ampicillin, ticarcillin, cefovecin, and ceftiofur. Gram-positive bacteria were isolated from 49 turtles, and all were observed to be resistant to two or more antibiotics. Gram-positive isolate resistance was observed to penicillin, cefoxitin, oxacillin, clindamycin, amikacin, enrofloxacin, cefovecin, ceftiofur, cefazolin, marbofloxacin, gentamicin, erythromycin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and chloramphenicol. Health parameters including packed cell volume, total white blood cell count (WBC), total solids (TS), and weight were not significantly different based on antibiotic resistance patterns; however, decreasing WBC and TS were observed when the number of antibiotic-resistant detections in Gram-positive bacteria increased.",
keywords = "Box turtle, Citrobacter, Enterococcus, antibiotic resistance, ecosystem health",
author = "Cari Rasmussen and Allender, {Matthew C} and Phillips, {Christopher A} and John Byrd and Terrell Lloyd and Maddox, {Carol W}",
year = "2017",
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T1 - MULTI-DRUG RESISTANCE PATTERNS of ENTERIC BACTERIA in TWO POPULATIONS of FREE-RANGING EASTERN BOX TURTLES (TERRAPENE CAROLINA CAROLINA)

AU - Rasmussen, Cari

AU - Allender, Matthew C

AU - Phillips, Christopher A

AU - Byrd, John

AU - Lloyd, Terrell

AU - Maddox, Carol W

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AB - Gram-negative isolates (n = 84) from 71% of free-ranging Eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina) in Illinois and Tennessee, United States, demonstrated resistance to at least one antibiotic while 30% of isolates demonstrated resistance to two or more antibiotics. Resistance was observed against cefoxitin, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, cefazolin, ampicillin, ticarcillin, cefovecin, and ceftiofur. Gram-positive bacteria were isolated from 49 turtles, and all were observed to be resistant to two or more antibiotics. Gram-positive isolate resistance was observed to penicillin, cefoxitin, oxacillin, clindamycin, amikacin, enrofloxacin, cefovecin, ceftiofur, cefazolin, marbofloxacin, gentamicin, erythromycin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and chloramphenicol. Health parameters including packed cell volume, total white blood cell count (WBC), total solids (TS), and weight were not significantly different based on antibiotic resistance patterns; however, decreasing WBC and TS were observed when the number of antibiotic-resistant detections in Gram-positive bacteria increased.

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