A photonic crystal substrate exhibiting resonant enhancement of multiple fluorophores has been demonstrated. The device, fabricated uniformly from plastic materials over a ∼3×5 in2 surface area by nanoreplica molding, utilizes two distinct resonant modes to enhance electric field stimulation of a dye excited by a λ = 632.8 nm laser (cyanine-5) and a dye excited by a λ = 532 nm laser (cyanine-3). Resonant coupling of the laser excitation to the photonic crystal surface is obtained for each wavelength at a distinct incident angle. Compared to detection of a dye-labeled protein on an ordinary glass surface, the photonic crystal surface exhibited a 32x increase in fluorescent signal intensity for cyanine-5 conjugated strepavidin labeling, while a 25x increase was obtained for cyanine-3 conjugated streptavidin labeling. The photonic crystal is capable of amplifying the output of any fluorescent dye with an excitation wavelength in the 532 nm < λ < 633 nm range by selection of an appropriate incident angle. The device is designed for biological assays that utilize multiple fluorescent dyes within a single imaged area, such as gene expression microarrays.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIEEE Sensors 2010 Conference, SENSORS 2010
Number of pages4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
Event9th IEEE Sensors Conference 2010, SENSORS 2010 - Waikoloa, HI, United States
Duration: Nov 1 2010Nov 4 2010

Publication series

NameProceedings of IEEE Sensors


Other9th IEEE Sensors Conference 2010, SENSORS 2010
CountryUnited States
CityWaikoloa, HI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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