Moving fast, thinking fast: The relations of physical activity levels and bouts to neuroelectric indices of inhibitory control in preadolescents

Dominika Maria Pindus, Eric S. Drollette, Lauren B. Raine, Shih Chun Kao, Naiman A Khan, Daniel R. Westfall, Morgan Hamill, Rebecca Shorin, E. Calobrisi, Dinesh John, Arthur F. Kramer, Charles H. Hillman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Structured vigorous physical activity (VPA) can improve cognitive control in children, but studies relating daily physical activity (PA) to cognitive control have yielded conflicting findings. While objectively measured daily PA summarizes all occurrences of PA within a registered period, a minimum duration of continuous PA is required for registration of a PA bout. Because brief bouts of high-intensity PA can account for a large proportion of children's daily activity-related energy expenditure, this study assessed whether daily and bouted VPA were selectively related to cognitive control in preadolescents relative to other PA intensities. Methods: A total of 75 children between the ages of 8 and 10 years (49% girls) wore an ActiGraph wGT3X+ on the hip for 7 days. The acceleration signal from the vertical axis was summarized over 1 s, 5 s, and 15 s epochs. Daily and bouted moderate PA, moderate-to-vigorous PA, and VPA were measured. PA bouts were expressed as the frequency and time spent in 2 different continuous PA bouts, one lasting ≥10 s and the other lasting ≥30 s at a given intensity. Inhibitory control was assessed using behavioral responses to a modified flanker task (mean reaction time (RTmean) and accuracy). Attentional resource allocation and cognitive processing speed were measured using the amplitude and latency of the P3 component of event-related brain potentials, respectively. Associations between PA, behavioral indices of inhibitory control, P3 amplitude, and latency were assessed using hierarchical regression models. Results: Daily VPA was not related to RTmean or accuracy on either congruent or incongruent trials. In contrast, more time spent in VPA bouts lasting ≥30 s predicted shorter P3 latency across epochs and flanker congruencies (all β ≤ –0.24, all p ≤ 0.04). The associations between shorter P3 latency and the time spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA bouts lasting ≥30 s were less consistent and largely limited to congruent trials (congruent: β (–0.31, –0.34)). No significant associations were observed upon correction for false discovery rate. Conclusion: The pattern of uncorrected associations aligns with the dose–response literature and suggests that brief VPA bouts may yield the greatest benefits to cognitive processing speed in preadolescents. Future studies using measures of brain structure and function are needed to understand the mechanisms linking bouted VPA to neurocognitive function during childhood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-314
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Sport and Health Science
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019

Fingerprint

Exercise
Thinking
Resource Allocation
Brain
Evoked Potentials
Energy Metabolism
Reaction Time
Hip

Keywords

  • Accelerometry
  • Bouts
  • Children
  • ERPs
  • Inhibitory control
  • P3
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Moving fast, thinking fast : The relations of physical activity levels and bouts to neuroelectric indices of inhibitory control in preadolescents. / Pindus, Dominika Maria; Drollette, Eric S.; Raine, Lauren B.; Kao, Shih Chun; Khan, Naiman A; Westfall, Daniel R.; Hamill, Morgan; Shorin, Rebecca; Calobrisi, E.; John, Dinesh; Kramer, Arthur F.; Hillman, Charles H.

In: Journal of Sport and Health Science, Vol. 8, No. 4, 07.2019, p. 301-314.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pindus, DM, Drollette, ES, Raine, LB, Kao, SC, Khan, NA, Westfall, DR, Hamill, M, Shorin, R, Calobrisi, E, John, D, Kramer, AF & Hillman, CH 2019, 'Moving fast, thinking fast: The relations of physical activity levels and bouts to neuroelectric indices of inhibitory control in preadolescents', Journal of Sport and Health Science, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 301-314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2019.02.003
Pindus, Dominika Maria ; Drollette, Eric S. ; Raine, Lauren B. ; Kao, Shih Chun ; Khan, Naiman A ; Westfall, Daniel R. ; Hamill, Morgan ; Shorin, Rebecca ; Calobrisi, E. ; John, Dinesh ; Kramer, Arthur F. ; Hillman, Charles H. / Moving fast, thinking fast : The relations of physical activity levels and bouts to neuroelectric indices of inhibitory control in preadolescents. In: Journal of Sport and Health Science. 2019 ; Vol. 8, No. 4. pp. 301-314.
@article{8f78a901899b408199e935214b897e0b,
title = "Moving fast, thinking fast: The relations of physical activity levels and bouts to neuroelectric indices of inhibitory control in preadolescents",
abstract = "Background: Structured vigorous physical activity (VPA) can improve cognitive control in children, but studies relating daily physical activity (PA) to cognitive control have yielded conflicting findings. While objectively measured daily PA summarizes all occurrences of PA within a registered period, a minimum duration of continuous PA is required for registration of a PA bout. Because brief bouts of high-intensity PA can account for a large proportion of children's daily activity-related energy expenditure, this study assessed whether daily and bouted VPA were selectively related to cognitive control in preadolescents relative to other PA intensities. Methods: A total of 75 children between the ages of 8 and 10 years (49{\%} girls) wore an ActiGraph wGT3X+ on the hip for 7 days. The acceleration signal from the vertical axis was summarized over 1 s, 5 s, and 15 s epochs. Daily and bouted moderate PA, moderate-to-vigorous PA, and VPA were measured. PA bouts were expressed as the frequency and time spent in 2 different continuous PA bouts, one lasting ≥10 s and the other lasting ≥30 s at a given intensity. Inhibitory control was assessed using behavioral responses to a modified flanker task (mean reaction time (RTmean) and accuracy). Attentional resource allocation and cognitive processing speed were measured using the amplitude and latency of the P3 component of event-related brain potentials, respectively. Associations between PA, behavioral indices of inhibitory control, P3 amplitude, and latency were assessed using hierarchical regression models. Results: Daily VPA was not related to RTmean or accuracy on either congruent or incongruent trials. In contrast, more time spent in VPA bouts lasting ≥30 s predicted shorter P3 latency across epochs and flanker congruencies (all β ≤ –0.24, all p ≤ 0.04). The associations between shorter P3 latency and the time spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA bouts lasting ≥30 s were less consistent and largely limited to congruent trials (congruent: β (–0.31, –0.34)). No significant associations were observed upon correction for false discovery rate. Conclusion: The pattern of uncorrected associations aligns with the dose–response literature and suggests that brief VPA bouts may yield the greatest benefits to cognitive processing speed in preadolescents. Future studies using measures of brain structure and function are needed to understand the mechanisms linking bouted VPA to neurocognitive function during childhood.",
keywords = "Accelerometry, Bouts, Children, ERPs, Inhibitory control, P3, Physical activity",
author = "Pindus, {Dominika Maria} and Drollette, {Eric S.} and Raine, {Lauren B.} and Kao, {Shih Chun} and Khan, {Naiman A} and Westfall, {Daniel R.} and Morgan Hamill and Rebecca Shorin and E. Calobrisi and Dinesh John and Kramer, {Arthur F.} and Hillman, {Charles H.}",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.jshs.2019.02.003",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "301--314",
journal = "Journal of Sport and Health Science",
issn = "2095-2546",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Moving fast, thinking fast

T2 - The relations of physical activity levels and bouts to neuroelectric indices of inhibitory control in preadolescents

AU - Pindus, Dominika Maria

AU - Drollette, Eric S.

AU - Raine, Lauren B.

AU - Kao, Shih Chun

AU - Khan, Naiman A

AU - Westfall, Daniel R.

AU - Hamill, Morgan

AU - Shorin, Rebecca

AU - Calobrisi, E.

AU - John, Dinesh

AU - Kramer, Arthur F.

AU - Hillman, Charles H.

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

N2 - Background: Structured vigorous physical activity (VPA) can improve cognitive control in children, but studies relating daily physical activity (PA) to cognitive control have yielded conflicting findings. While objectively measured daily PA summarizes all occurrences of PA within a registered period, a minimum duration of continuous PA is required for registration of a PA bout. Because brief bouts of high-intensity PA can account for a large proportion of children's daily activity-related energy expenditure, this study assessed whether daily and bouted VPA were selectively related to cognitive control in preadolescents relative to other PA intensities. Methods: A total of 75 children between the ages of 8 and 10 years (49% girls) wore an ActiGraph wGT3X+ on the hip for 7 days. The acceleration signal from the vertical axis was summarized over 1 s, 5 s, and 15 s epochs. Daily and bouted moderate PA, moderate-to-vigorous PA, and VPA were measured. PA bouts were expressed as the frequency and time spent in 2 different continuous PA bouts, one lasting ≥10 s and the other lasting ≥30 s at a given intensity. Inhibitory control was assessed using behavioral responses to a modified flanker task (mean reaction time (RTmean) and accuracy). Attentional resource allocation and cognitive processing speed were measured using the amplitude and latency of the P3 component of event-related brain potentials, respectively. Associations between PA, behavioral indices of inhibitory control, P3 amplitude, and latency were assessed using hierarchical regression models. Results: Daily VPA was not related to RTmean or accuracy on either congruent or incongruent trials. In contrast, more time spent in VPA bouts lasting ≥30 s predicted shorter P3 latency across epochs and flanker congruencies (all β ≤ –0.24, all p ≤ 0.04). The associations between shorter P3 latency and the time spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA bouts lasting ≥30 s were less consistent and largely limited to congruent trials (congruent: β (–0.31, –0.34)). No significant associations were observed upon correction for false discovery rate. Conclusion: The pattern of uncorrected associations aligns with the dose–response literature and suggests that brief VPA bouts may yield the greatest benefits to cognitive processing speed in preadolescents. Future studies using measures of brain structure and function are needed to understand the mechanisms linking bouted VPA to neurocognitive function during childhood.

AB - Background: Structured vigorous physical activity (VPA) can improve cognitive control in children, but studies relating daily physical activity (PA) to cognitive control have yielded conflicting findings. While objectively measured daily PA summarizes all occurrences of PA within a registered period, a minimum duration of continuous PA is required for registration of a PA bout. Because brief bouts of high-intensity PA can account for a large proportion of children's daily activity-related energy expenditure, this study assessed whether daily and bouted VPA were selectively related to cognitive control in preadolescents relative to other PA intensities. Methods: A total of 75 children between the ages of 8 and 10 years (49% girls) wore an ActiGraph wGT3X+ on the hip for 7 days. The acceleration signal from the vertical axis was summarized over 1 s, 5 s, and 15 s epochs. Daily and bouted moderate PA, moderate-to-vigorous PA, and VPA were measured. PA bouts were expressed as the frequency and time spent in 2 different continuous PA bouts, one lasting ≥10 s and the other lasting ≥30 s at a given intensity. Inhibitory control was assessed using behavioral responses to a modified flanker task (mean reaction time (RTmean) and accuracy). Attentional resource allocation and cognitive processing speed were measured using the amplitude and latency of the P3 component of event-related brain potentials, respectively. Associations between PA, behavioral indices of inhibitory control, P3 amplitude, and latency were assessed using hierarchical regression models. Results: Daily VPA was not related to RTmean or accuracy on either congruent or incongruent trials. In contrast, more time spent in VPA bouts lasting ≥30 s predicted shorter P3 latency across epochs and flanker congruencies (all β ≤ –0.24, all p ≤ 0.04). The associations between shorter P3 latency and the time spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA bouts lasting ≥30 s were less consistent and largely limited to congruent trials (congruent: β (–0.31, –0.34)). No significant associations were observed upon correction for false discovery rate. Conclusion: The pattern of uncorrected associations aligns with the dose–response literature and suggests that brief VPA bouts may yield the greatest benefits to cognitive processing speed in preadolescents. Future studies using measures of brain structure and function are needed to understand the mechanisms linking bouted VPA to neurocognitive function during childhood.

KW - Accelerometry

KW - Bouts

KW - Children

KW - ERPs

KW - Inhibitory control

KW - P3

KW - Physical activity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063648023&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85063648023&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jshs.2019.02.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jshs.2019.02.003

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85063648023

VL - 8

SP - 301

EP - 314

JO - Journal of Sport and Health Science

JF - Journal of Sport and Health Science

SN - 2095-2546

IS - 4

ER -