Motivational Resilience during COVID-19 across At-Risk Undergraduates

Jennifer Cromley, Andrea Kunze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Media reports suggest the switch to online courses due to COVID-19 has "demotivated" undergraduates. Our semester-long study of motivation for biology was in progress when COVID-19 was declared a pandemic. We analyze changes in student (N = 182) motivation from before and after. Across variables, subgroups of students changed in adaptive and maladaptive ways; some remained stable. In cross-tabulations, one significant difference was found by sex, and a number of adaptive and maladaptive differences by race and socioeconomic status (SES). Despite obvious burdens on low-SES groups, undergraduate motivation was affected positively and negatively in this sample; only some variables were related to intention to remain in STEM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Microbiology and Biology Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 2021


  • COVID-19
  • severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)
  • Novel coronavirus
  • Coronavirus
  • 2019-nCoV
  • Pandemic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • Education
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology


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