Mortuary Practices, Cultural Context, Bayesian Chronology, and Maize Consumption among Terminal Late Woodland Societies in Northeastern Illinois

Thomas E Emerson, Kjersti E. Emerson, Kristin Marie Hedman, Matthew A. Fort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In 1940, Gretchen Cutter and a WPA crew conducted excavations in the Mound Wi o 5 at the Fisher site in Will County, Illinois. We examined those materials as part of our reanalysis of the Fisher site excavations by George Langford and the University of Chicago. The mound’s material culture correlates with the Des Plaines phase but contains strong connections to the east, especially with Albee phase mortuary practices. Calibrated 14 C dates and Bayesian modeling place the Des Plaines phase as contemporary with the Mound Wi o 5 mortuary’s primary use during the ninth to eleventh centuries. There is isotopic evidence of a mixed C 3 /C 4 diet with some maize consumption. Mound Wi o 5 represents the only Terminal Late Woodland collective mortuary facility currently known in northeastern Illinois. The identification of such multigenerational communal Terminal Late Woodland mortuary practices lends support to the contention that they provided the cultural base for the emergence of the distinctive Langford Tradition accretional mortuary mounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-180
Number of pages32
JournalMidcontinental Journal of Archaeology
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 4 2019

Fingerprint

eleventh century
society
evidence
Chronology
Mounds
Mortuary Practices
Maize
Illinois
Late Woodland
Cultural Context
Excavation

Keywords

  • Albee Phase
  • Des Plaines Phase
  • Mortuary studies
  • Terminal Late Woodland
  • early maize consumption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

Cite this

Mortuary Practices, Cultural Context, Bayesian Chronology, and Maize Consumption among Terminal Late Woodland Societies in Northeastern Illinois. / Emerson, Thomas E; Emerson, Kjersti E.; Hedman, Kristin Marie; Fort, Matthew A.

In: Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 44, No. 2, 04.05.2019, p. 149-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1ff625b24f104d6ba3e15d658baeabba,
title = "Mortuary Practices, Cultural Context, Bayesian Chronology, and Maize Consumption among Terminal Late Woodland Societies in Northeastern Illinois",
abstract = "In 1940, Gretchen Cutter and a WPA crew conducted excavations in the Mound Wi o 5 at the Fisher site in Will County, Illinois. We examined those materials as part of our reanalysis of the Fisher site excavations by George Langford and the University of Chicago. The mound’s material culture correlates with the Des Plaines phase but contains strong connections to the east, especially with Albee phase mortuary practices. Calibrated 14 C dates and Bayesian modeling place the Des Plaines phase as contemporary with the Mound Wi o 5 mortuary’s primary use during the ninth to eleventh centuries. There is isotopic evidence of a mixed C 3 /C 4 diet with some maize consumption. Mound Wi o 5 represents the only Terminal Late Woodland collective mortuary facility currently known in northeastern Illinois. The identification of such multigenerational communal Terminal Late Woodland mortuary practices lends support to the contention that they provided the cultural base for the emergence of the distinctive Langford Tradition accretional mortuary mounds.",
keywords = "Albee Phase, Des Plaines Phase, Mortuary studies, Terminal Late Woodland, early maize consumption",
author = "Emerson, {Thomas E} and Emerson, {Kjersti E.} and Hedman, {Kristin Marie} and Fort, {Matthew A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1080/01461109.2019.1565359",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "44",
pages = "149--180",
journal = "Midcontinental journal of archaeology, MCJA",
issn = "0146-1109",
publisher = "Kent State University",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mortuary Practices, Cultural Context, Bayesian Chronology, and Maize Consumption among Terminal Late Woodland Societies in Northeastern Illinois

AU - Emerson, Thomas E

AU - Emerson, Kjersti E.

AU - Hedman, Kristin Marie

AU - Fort, Matthew A.

PY - 2019/5/4

Y1 - 2019/5/4

N2 - In 1940, Gretchen Cutter and a WPA crew conducted excavations in the Mound Wi o 5 at the Fisher site in Will County, Illinois. We examined those materials as part of our reanalysis of the Fisher site excavations by George Langford and the University of Chicago. The mound’s material culture correlates with the Des Plaines phase but contains strong connections to the east, especially with Albee phase mortuary practices. Calibrated 14 C dates and Bayesian modeling place the Des Plaines phase as contemporary with the Mound Wi o 5 mortuary’s primary use during the ninth to eleventh centuries. There is isotopic evidence of a mixed C 3 /C 4 diet with some maize consumption. Mound Wi o 5 represents the only Terminal Late Woodland collective mortuary facility currently known in northeastern Illinois. The identification of such multigenerational communal Terminal Late Woodland mortuary practices lends support to the contention that they provided the cultural base for the emergence of the distinctive Langford Tradition accretional mortuary mounds.

AB - In 1940, Gretchen Cutter and a WPA crew conducted excavations in the Mound Wi o 5 at the Fisher site in Will County, Illinois. We examined those materials as part of our reanalysis of the Fisher site excavations by George Langford and the University of Chicago. The mound’s material culture correlates with the Des Plaines phase but contains strong connections to the east, especially with Albee phase mortuary practices. Calibrated 14 C dates and Bayesian modeling place the Des Plaines phase as contemporary with the Mound Wi o 5 mortuary’s primary use during the ninth to eleventh centuries. There is isotopic evidence of a mixed C 3 /C 4 diet with some maize consumption. Mound Wi o 5 represents the only Terminal Late Woodland collective mortuary facility currently known in northeastern Illinois. The identification of such multigenerational communal Terminal Late Woodland mortuary practices lends support to the contention that they provided the cultural base for the emergence of the distinctive Langford Tradition accretional mortuary mounds.

KW - Albee Phase

KW - Des Plaines Phase

KW - Mortuary studies

KW - Terminal Late Woodland

KW - early maize consumption

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060647575&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060647575&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/01461109.2019.1565359

DO - 10.1080/01461109.2019.1565359

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85060647575

VL - 44

SP - 149

EP - 180

JO - Midcontinental journal of archaeology, MCJA

JF - Midcontinental journal of archaeology, MCJA

SN - 0146-1109

IS - 2

ER -