For the first time, monolithic integration of a photodetector with a vertical-cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) is demonstrated. We have designed and fabricated VCSELs with monolithically integrated pin photodetectors which dynamically monitor (and can thus control) the output power of the lasers. The VCSELs lase at room temperature and emit a highly coherent, low-divergence, circular beam directly from the top surface. The integrated photodetector shows a linear response to the laser emission with an effective responsivity of 0·25 A/W.
- Integrated optics
- Semiconductor lasers
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering