Monoclonal antibodies specific for Candida albicans Als3 that immunolabel fungal cells in vitro and in vivo and block adhesion to host surfaces

David A. Coleman, Soon Hwan Oh, Xiaomin Zhao, Hongyuan Zhao, Jeff T. Hutchins, John H. Vernachio, Joseph M. Patti, Lois L. Hoyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were raised against the Candida albicans cell-surface glycoprotein Als3 using the N-terminal domain of the protein as the immunogen. ELISA was used to demonstrate the specificity of the MAbs for the Als3 fragment, but not for the corresponding N-terminal domain fragments from other proteins in the Als family. The anti-Als3 MAbs immunolabeled the surface of germ tubes from a diverse collection of wild-type C. albicans isolates, but did not label yeast cells, an als3Δ/als3Δ deletion mutant strain, nor isolates of other Candida species associated with human disease. Als3 was visualized readily in fresh and formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded kidney tissue from a murine model of candidiasis. The anti-Als3 MAbs were also useful for immunogold electron microscopy and Western blotting. Both MAbs blocked C. albicans adhesion to vascular endothelial cells and buccal epithelial cells. These versatile MAbs are a valuable addition to the reagents available to study C. albicans cell surface dynamics and interaction of the fungus with host cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-78
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Microbiological Methods
Volume78
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2009

Keywords

  • Als family
  • Als3
  • Candida albicans
  • Cell-surface glycoprotein
  • Monoclonal antibody

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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