Monochromatic paths and cycles in 2-edge-coloured graphs with large minimum degree

Jozsef Balog, Alexandr Kostochka, Mikhail Lavrov, Xujun Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A graph G arrows a graph H if in every 2-edge-colouring of G there exists a monochromatic copy of H. Schelp had the idea that if the complete graph Kn arrows a small graph H, then every 'dense' subgraph of Kn also arrows H, and he outlined some problems in this direction. Our main result is in this spirit. We prove that for every sufficiently large n, if n = 3t+r where r ∈ {0,1,2} and G is an n-vertex graph with δ(G) ≥ (3n-1)/4, then for every 2-edge-colouring of G, either there are cycles of every length {3, 4, 5, ⋯, 2t+r} of the same colour, or there are cycles of every even length {4, 6, 8, ⋯, 2t+2} of the samecolour. Our result is tight in the sense that no longer cycles (of length >2t+r) can be guaranteed and the minimum degree condition cannot be reduced. It also implies the conjecture of Schelp that for every sufficiently large n, every (3t-1)-vertex graph G with minimum degree larger than 3|V(G)|/4 arrows the path P2n with 2n vertices. Moreover, it implies for sufficiently large n the conjecture by Benevides, Łuczak, Scott, Skokan and White that for n = 3t + r where r ∈ {0,1,2} and every n-vertex graph G with δ(G) ≥ 3n/4, in each 2-edge-colouring of G there exists a monochromatic cycle of length at least 2t + r.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCombinatorics Probability and Computing
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • paths and cycles
  • Ramsey number
  • Regularity Lemma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics

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