Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of Kinosternon flavescens based on complete mitochondrial control region sequences

Jeanne M. Serb, Christopher A. Phillips, John B. Iverson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Nucleotide sequences for the complete mitochondrial control region (1158 bp) were used to determine the phylogenetic relationships among populations of the yellow mud turtle, Kinosternon flavescens (Kinosternidae). Phylogenetic analysis of the mtDNA sequences reveals a polyphyletic K. flavescens with three distinct clades: (1) K. flavescens of the Central Plains, including isolated populations of Illinois and Iowa, (2) K. arizonense in the Sonoran Desert of Arizona and Mexico, and (3) K. durangoense in the Chihuahuan Desert of Durango, Coahuila, and Chihuahua, Mexico. Sequence divergence and nucleotide diversity calculations support a hypothesis of Great Plains K. flavescens dispersal and subsequent isolation of populations in the Midwest related to climatic change during the Pleistocene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-162
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001



  • Control region
  • Kinosternidae
  • Kinosternon flavescens
  • Pleistocene
  • Pliocene
  • mtDNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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