Molecular identification of Anopheles (Cellia) sundaicus from the Andaman and Nicobar islands of India

Mohammad Tauqeer Alam, Manoj K. Das, Musharraf A. Ansari, Yagya D. Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Anopheles (Cellia) sundaicus (Rodenwaldt) is an important malaria vector in the Andaman and Nicobar islands of India where it breeds in freshwater as well as in brackish water. To establish the molecular identity of An. sundaicus on these islands we analyzed samples from four geographically isolated areas - Teressa, Nancowry, Car Nicobar and Katchal islands. PCR-amplification and nucleotide sequence analysis were performed for internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) and domain-3 (D3) of 28S rRNA. The ITS2 region of An. sundaicus from all four islands was identical but different from An. sundaicus A of Vietnam and An. sundaicus s.s of Malaysia. Furthermore, freshwater and brackish water forms of An. sundaicus did not reveal any sequence variation. Similarly, the D3 sequences were identical among all An. sundaicus samples from the four islands. D3 sequences for a species of the Sundaicus Complex are reported here for the first time and thus could not be compared with other regional isolates of this species. In conclusion, probably only one member of the Sundaicus Complex exists on the Andaman and Nicobar islands, which breeds in freshwater as well as in brackish water and is different from the An. sundaicus A and Malaysian An. sundaicus s.s. The identification of a new sibling species of the Sundaicus Complex in these islands is significant from the viewpoint of vector control strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-18
Number of pages9
JournalActa Tropica
Volume97
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • An. sundaicus
  • Malaria vector
  • Ribosomal DNA sequence
  • Sibling species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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