Cellobiose was once regarded as a byproduct that should be removed from biomass hydrolysates because of its inhibitory activity to cellulases. It was revealed, however, that cellobiose could serve as a co-substrate for xylose fermentation by engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Despite its advantages, to date, little is known about cellodextrin transporters that endow S. cerevisiae with cellobiose transporting ability. In this study, engineered S. cerevisiae strains capable of fermenting cellobiose were constructed by expressing various fungal cellobiose transporters and intracellular β-glucosidases. Among them, the strain expressing a putative sugar transporter from Penicillium chrysogenum (Pc_ST) and β-glucosidase from Thielavia terrestris (Tt_BG) showed an improved cellobiose fermentation performance compared to the strain expressing a cellodextrin transporter from Neurospora crassa (Nc_CDT-1) and β-glucosidase from N. crassa (Nc_GH1-1). Cellobiose fermentation by S. cerevisiae Pc_ST/Tt_BG under microaerobic conditions resulted in 14.5 ± 0.5. g/L of final ethanol concentration with a yield of 0.37 ± 0.01. g ethanol/g cellobiose, which are 22% and 26% higher than the corresponding values of S. cerevisiae Nc_CDT-1/Nc_GH1-1. These results suggest that the yield and rate of cellobiose fermentation can be improved by adopting optimal pairs of cellobiose transporters and β-glucosidase.
- Cellobiose fermentation
- Cellodextrin transporter
- Saccharomyces cerevisiae
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology