Modulation of the flow structure by progressive bedforms in the Kinoshita meandering channel

Jorge D. Abad, Christian E. Frias, Gustavo C. Buscaglia, Marcelo Horacio Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An in-house fully three-dimensional general-purpose finite element model is applied to solve the hydrodynamic structure in a periodic Kinoshita-generated meandering channel. The numerical model solves the incompressible Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations for mass and momentum, while solving the k-ε equations for turbulence. The free surface is described by the rigid-lid approximation (using measured water surface data) for flat (smooth-bed) and self-formed (rough-bed) conditions. The model results are compared against experimental measurements in the 'Kinoshita channel', where three-dimensional flow velocities and turbulence parameters were measured. This validation was carried out for the upstream-valley meander bend orientation under smooth (flat bed) conditions. After validation, several simulations were carried out to predict the hydrodynamics in conditions where either it was not possible to perform measurements (e.g. applicability of the laboratory acoustic instruments) and to extrapolate the model to other planform configurations. For the flat smooth-bed case, a symmetric (no skewness) planform configuration was modeled and compared to the upstream-skewed case. For the self-formed rough-bed case, prediction of the hydrodynamics during the progression of bedforms was performed. It appears that the presence of bedforms on a bend has the following effects: (i) the natural secondary flow of the bend is disrupted by the presence of the bedforms, thus depending on the location of the dune, secondary flows might differ completely from the traditional orientation; (ii) an increment on both the bed and bank shear stresses is induced, having as much as 50% more fluvial erosion, and thus a potential increment on the migration rate of the bend. Implications on sediment transport and bend morphodynamics are also discussed in the paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1612-1622
Number of pages11
JournalEarth Surface Processes and Landforms
Volume38
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

Fingerprint

flow structure
bedform
secondary flow
hydrodynamics
turbulence
three-dimensional flow
Navier-Stokes equations
morphodynamics
skewness
channel flow
meander
flow velocity
shear stress
sediment transport
dune
momentum
acoustics
surface water
erosion
valley

Keywords

  • Flow structure
  • Kinoshita channels
  • Secondary flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Modulation of the flow structure by progressive bedforms in the Kinoshita meandering channel. / Abad, Jorge D.; Frias, Christian E.; Buscaglia, Gustavo C.; Garcia, Marcelo Horacio.

In: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 38, No. 13, 01.10.2013, p. 1612-1622.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abad, Jorge D. ; Frias, Christian E. ; Buscaglia, Gustavo C. ; Garcia, Marcelo Horacio. / Modulation of the flow structure by progressive bedforms in the Kinoshita meandering channel. In: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 2013 ; Vol. 38, No. 13. pp. 1612-1622.
@article{b7e19ed82ed14bc492c3f5be6088f68d,
title = "Modulation of the flow structure by progressive bedforms in the Kinoshita meandering channel",
abstract = "An in-house fully three-dimensional general-purpose finite element model is applied to solve the hydrodynamic structure in a periodic Kinoshita-generated meandering channel. The numerical model solves the incompressible Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations for mass and momentum, while solving the k-ε equations for turbulence. The free surface is described by the rigid-lid approximation (using measured water surface data) for flat (smooth-bed) and self-formed (rough-bed) conditions. The model results are compared against experimental measurements in the 'Kinoshita channel', where three-dimensional flow velocities and turbulence parameters were measured. This validation was carried out for the upstream-valley meander bend orientation under smooth (flat bed) conditions. After validation, several simulations were carried out to predict the hydrodynamics in conditions where either it was not possible to perform measurements (e.g. applicability of the laboratory acoustic instruments) and to extrapolate the model to other planform configurations. For the flat smooth-bed case, a symmetric (no skewness) planform configuration was modeled and compared to the upstream-skewed case. For the self-formed rough-bed case, prediction of the hydrodynamics during the progression of bedforms was performed. It appears that the presence of bedforms on a bend has the following effects: (i) the natural secondary flow of the bend is disrupted by the presence of the bedforms, thus depending on the location of the dune, secondary flows might differ completely from the traditional orientation; (ii) an increment on both the bed and bank shear stresses is induced, having as much as 50{\%} more fluvial erosion, and thus a potential increment on the migration rate of the bend. Implications on sediment transport and bend morphodynamics are also discussed in the paper.",
keywords = "Flow structure, Kinoshita channels, Secondary flow",
author = "Abad, {Jorge D.} and Frias, {Christian E.} and Buscaglia, {Gustavo C.} and Garcia, {Marcelo Horacio}",
year = "2013",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/esp.3460",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "38",
pages = "1612--1622",
journal = "Earth Surface Processes and Landforms",
issn = "0197-9337",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "13",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modulation of the flow structure by progressive bedforms in the Kinoshita meandering channel

AU - Abad, Jorge D.

AU - Frias, Christian E.

AU - Buscaglia, Gustavo C.

AU - Garcia, Marcelo Horacio

PY - 2013/10/1

Y1 - 2013/10/1

N2 - An in-house fully three-dimensional general-purpose finite element model is applied to solve the hydrodynamic structure in a periodic Kinoshita-generated meandering channel. The numerical model solves the incompressible Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations for mass and momentum, while solving the k-ε equations for turbulence. The free surface is described by the rigid-lid approximation (using measured water surface data) for flat (smooth-bed) and self-formed (rough-bed) conditions. The model results are compared against experimental measurements in the 'Kinoshita channel', where three-dimensional flow velocities and turbulence parameters were measured. This validation was carried out for the upstream-valley meander bend orientation under smooth (flat bed) conditions. After validation, several simulations were carried out to predict the hydrodynamics in conditions where either it was not possible to perform measurements (e.g. applicability of the laboratory acoustic instruments) and to extrapolate the model to other planform configurations. For the flat smooth-bed case, a symmetric (no skewness) planform configuration was modeled and compared to the upstream-skewed case. For the self-formed rough-bed case, prediction of the hydrodynamics during the progression of bedforms was performed. It appears that the presence of bedforms on a bend has the following effects: (i) the natural secondary flow of the bend is disrupted by the presence of the bedforms, thus depending on the location of the dune, secondary flows might differ completely from the traditional orientation; (ii) an increment on both the bed and bank shear stresses is induced, having as much as 50% more fluvial erosion, and thus a potential increment on the migration rate of the bend. Implications on sediment transport and bend morphodynamics are also discussed in the paper.

AB - An in-house fully three-dimensional general-purpose finite element model is applied to solve the hydrodynamic structure in a periodic Kinoshita-generated meandering channel. The numerical model solves the incompressible Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations for mass and momentum, while solving the k-ε equations for turbulence. The free surface is described by the rigid-lid approximation (using measured water surface data) for flat (smooth-bed) and self-formed (rough-bed) conditions. The model results are compared against experimental measurements in the 'Kinoshita channel', where three-dimensional flow velocities and turbulence parameters were measured. This validation was carried out for the upstream-valley meander bend orientation under smooth (flat bed) conditions. After validation, several simulations were carried out to predict the hydrodynamics in conditions where either it was not possible to perform measurements (e.g. applicability of the laboratory acoustic instruments) and to extrapolate the model to other planform configurations. For the flat smooth-bed case, a symmetric (no skewness) planform configuration was modeled and compared to the upstream-skewed case. For the self-formed rough-bed case, prediction of the hydrodynamics during the progression of bedforms was performed. It appears that the presence of bedforms on a bend has the following effects: (i) the natural secondary flow of the bend is disrupted by the presence of the bedforms, thus depending on the location of the dune, secondary flows might differ completely from the traditional orientation; (ii) an increment on both the bed and bank shear stresses is induced, having as much as 50% more fluvial erosion, and thus a potential increment on the migration rate of the bend. Implications on sediment transport and bend morphodynamics are also discussed in the paper.

KW - Flow structure

KW - Kinoshita channels

KW - Secondary flow

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84885425060&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84885425060&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/esp.3460

DO - 10.1002/esp.3460

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84885425060

VL - 38

SP - 1612

EP - 1622

JO - Earth Surface Processes and Landforms

JF - Earth Surface Processes and Landforms

SN - 0197-9337

IS - 13

ER -