Modification of the Genome of Domestic Animals

Samantha N. Lotti, Kathryn M. Polkoff, Marcello Rubessa, Matthew B Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


In the past few years, new technologies have arisen that enable higher efficiency of gene editing. With the increase ease of using gene editing technologies, it is important to consider the best method for transferring new genetic material to livestock animals. Microinjection is a technique that has proven to be effective in mice but is less efficient in large livestock animals. Over the years, a variety of methods have been used for cloning as well as gene transfer including; nuclear transfer, sperm mediated gene transfer (SMGT), and liposome-mediated DNA transfer. This review looks at the different success rate of these methods and how they have evolved to become more efficient. As well as gene editing technologies, including Zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), and the most recent clustered regulatory interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPRs). Through the advancements in gene-editing technologies, generating transgenic animals is now more accessible and affordable. The goals of producing transgenic animals are to 1) increase our understanding of biology and biomedical science; 2) increase our ability to produce more efficient animals; and 3) produce disease resistant animals. ZFNs, TALENs, and CRISPRs combined with gene transfer methods increase the possibility of achieving these goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-210
Number of pages13
JournalAnimal Biotechnology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 3 2017


  • SMGT
  • ZFN
  • gene editing
  • gene transfer
  • nuclear transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Animal Science and Zoology


Dive into the research topics of 'Modification of the Genome of Domestic Animals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this