Models of form-related priming in comprehension and production

Padraig G. O’Seaghdha, Gary S. Dell, Robert R. Peterson, Cornell Juliano

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

INTRODUCTION In comparison to the voluminous semantic priming literature, the dossier on form-related priming effects is rather meagre. For every published experiment that examines how MAT primes CAT, there are many more that look at DOG priming CAT. In a traditional spreading activation framework, form-related priming effects seem both empirically and theoretically straightforward. Similarly spelled and similar-sounding words prime one another by means of activation spreading through common elements, and benefits are accordingly observed in speeded tasks such as naming and lexical decision (e.g. Hillinger, 1980; Meyer, Schvaneveldt, & Ruddy, 1974). Likewise, form priming facilitates perceptual identification (e.g. Evett & Humphreys, 1981; Humphreys, Evett, & Taylor, 1982; Slowiaczek, Nusbaum, & Pisoni, 1987) and retrieval or phonological encoding of words from episodic (e.g. Meyer, 1990) or semantic memory (e.g. Bowles & Poon, 1985). Perhaps because these effects have appeared rather transparent, theoretical and empirical efforts in the areas of lexical perception and production have not made much use of form-related priming as a research tool (e.g. Adams, 1979; Dell, 1986; Glushko, 1979; McClelland & Rumelhart, 1981; Seidenberg, 1985). In this paper, we will demonstrate that form-related priming has an important role to play both in the development of general accounts of lexical processing, and as a tool for the analysis of language comprehension and production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationConnectionist Approaches to Natural Language Processing
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Pages373-408
Number of pages36
ISBN (Electronic)9781317266310
ISBN (Print)9781138640061
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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    O’Seaghdha, P. G., Dell, G. S., Peterson, R. R., & Juliano, C. (2016). Models of form-related priming in comprehension and production. In Connectionist Approaches to Natural Language Processing (pp. 373-408). Taylor and Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315636863