Models for right-turn-on-red and their effects on intersection delay

Ghassan Abu-Lebdeh, Rahim F. Benekohal, Bashar Al-Omari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Models to estimate right-turn-on-red (RTOR) volumes at intersections with exclusive right-turn (RT) lance are devoloped, and the effects of RTOR volumes on computed delay are assessed. The important variables in these models are the RT volume, followed by green-time-to-cycle (G/C) ratio, volume of conflicting traffic, and whether there is a protected phase for opposing left-turning vehicals. The estimated RTOR increased as the RTs increased. However, it decreased as G/C and the volume of conflicting traffic increased. Result show that not accouning for RTOR volumes can lead to a significant difference in delay estimates for RT lanes and, to a lesser extent, on the corresponding approaches. For RT lanes, in one-half of the cases the difference was greater than 5 percent, in more than one-quarter of the cases the difference was greater than 10 percent, and in at least one of eight cases the difference was greater than 20 percet. Differences for individual cases ranged between 0 and 130 percent, with an average of 12 percent. For approaches, the average delay difference -2 and 78 percent. As recommended by the Highway Capacity Manual, actual field counts of RTOR volume should be used whenever available. However, in the absence of such counts, the models developed here can be used and hence should be considered in capacity analysis procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-139
Number of pages9
JournalTransportation Research Record
Issue number1572
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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