Modeling structural, dyadic, and individual factors: The inclusion and exclusion model of HIV related behavior

Dolores Albarracin, Melanie B. Tannenbaum, Laura R. Glasman, Alexander J. Rothman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Changing HIV-related behaviors requires addressing the individual, dyadic, and structural influences that shape them. This supplement of AIDS & Behavior presents frameworks that integrate these three influences on behavior. Concepts from these frameworks were selected to model the processes by which structural factors affect individual HIV-related behavior. In the Inclusion/Exclusion Model, material and symbolic inclusions and exclusions (sharing versus denying resources) regulate individuals' ability and motivation to detect, prevent, and treat HIV. Structural interventions create inclusions that increase one's ability or motivation to perform these behaviors or exclusions that hinder one's ability or motivation to execute counterproductive behaviors. The need to expand research regarding multilevel influences on HIV-related behavior is also discussed, particularly concerning further understanding of sustained behavior change and effective dissemination of evidence-based intervention strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S239-S249
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume14
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

Keywords

  • Behavior determinants
  • Behavioral skills
  • Change
  • HIV prevention
  • Motivation
  • Prediction
  • Structural factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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