Modeling of the stardust reentry flows with ionization in DSMC

T. Ozawa, J. Zhong, D. A. Levin, D. Boger, M. Wright

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Ionized hypersonic flows for the Stardust blunt body at 80 km altitude were simulated using the direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method, at a speed of 12.8 km/s, the fastest man-made object to enter the Earth's atmosphere. The modeling of ionization processes and energy exchange between translational and internal modes in DSMC is discussed. Eleven species including 5 ions and electron and chemical reactions are considered in the flowfleld. It was found that the charge neutrality assumption held in the bow-shock region and using this assumption, ionization processes were modeled. The electron-vibration energy exchange model is important for the prediction of electron and vibrational temperature profiles, and this process was modeled by Lee's relaxation time for the first time in DSMC. DSMC results were compared with CFD(DPLR) results, with the main result that DSMC predicted lower energy exchange rates between translational and internal modes than CFD. The lower energy exchange rates resulted in lower dissociation rates and a lower degree of ionization in DSMC. Furthermore, radiation was calculated using the NEQAIR code from the CFD(DPLR) and DSMC flowflelds along the stagnation line for NO, N 2+, N, and O. The development of the DSMC models significantly affected the N radiation and O radiation in ultraviolet range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCollection of Technical Papers - 45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
Pages7392-7414
Number of pages23
StatePublished - Jul 2 2007
Externally publishedYes
Event45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting 2007 - Reno, NV, United States
Duration: Jan 8 2007Jan 11 2007

Publication series

NameCollection of Technical Papers - 45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
Volume11

Other

Other45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting 2007
CountryUnited States
CityReno, NV
Period1/8/071/11/07

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Aerospace Engineering

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