Modeling community resilience to earthquakes and tsunamis: An overview of the center for risk-based community resilience planning

J. W. van de Lindt, B. R. Ellingwood, P. Gardoni, D. T. Cox

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Recent events such as the 2011 Christchurch, New Zealand earthquake, the 2011 Great Tohoku, Japan earthquake and tsunami, and Superstorm Sandy in 2012 have highlighted the need to better understand and model community resilience. This is particularly true with regard to interdependencies among physical infrastructure components and systems that exacerbate their lack of functionality and delay community recovery. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) funded the multi university five-year Center of Excellence for Risk-Based Community Resilience Planning (CoE), headquartered at Colorado State University. The Center’s purpose is to (i) develop a computational environment with fully integrated supporting databases to identify, study and understand the key attributes that make communities resilient; (ii) standardize data ontologies for community resilience; (iii) validate the computational environment through hindcasting of events and resilience-based field studies; and (iv) optimize resilience enhancement strategies utilizing these tools and databases. This paper presents a brief overview of the CoE and its current research accomplishments, including a description of the considered testbed communities. In this paper, we discuss the role that robustness to earthquakes and tsunamis play on community resilience including recovery, illustrating the process at the community level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication11th National Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2018, NCEE 2018
Subtitle of host publicationIntegrating Science, Engineering, and Policy
PublisherEarthquake Engineering Research Institute
Pages3694-3698
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781510873254
StatePublished - 2018
Event11th National Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2018: Integrating Science, Engineering, and Policy, NCEE 2018 - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: Jun 25 2018Jun 29 2018

Publication series

Name11th National Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2018, NCEE 2018: Integrating Science, Engineering, and Policy
Volume6

Conference

Conference11th National Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2018: Integrating Science, Engineering, and Policy, NCEE 2018
CountryUnited States
CityLos Angeles
Period6/25/186/29/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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  • Cite this

    van de Lindt, J. W., Ellingwood, B. R., Gardoni, P., & Cox, D. T. (2018). Modeling community resilience to earthquakes and tsunamis: An overview of the center for risk-based community resilience planning. In 11th National Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2018, NCEE 2018: Integrating Science, Engineering, and Policy (pp. 3694-3698). (11th National Conference on Earthquake Engineering 2018, NCEE 2018: Integrating Science, Engineering, and Policy; Vol. 6). Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.