Modeling and validation of interfacial area transport equation in subcooled boiling flow

Caleb S. Brooks, Takashi Hibiki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The first comprehensive validation of the interfacial area transport equation in subcooled boiling is presented and shown to perform exceptionally when compared with experimental data. The formulation and closure of the bubble layer averaged interfacial area transport equation is reviewed along with the treatment of the two-fluid model in subcooled boiling. Interfacial area concentration source and sink terms in subcooled boiling are presented including the bubble interaction mechanisms (random collision and turbulent impact), as well as phase change terms (wall nucleation and condensation). Additionally, the volume source terms from phase change are described and discussed in terms of their significance to the interfacial area transport equation. The validation of the interfacial area transport equation with a recently proposed wall nucleation source term is shown to have excellent prediction at low and elevated pressure, as well as a wide range of mass flux. With new confidence in the wall nucleation source term, the interfacial area concentration in subcooled boiling can be accurately predicted. Due to its strong dependence in the modeling of active nucleation site density, bubble departure frequency, and departure diameter, the calculation is shown to be very sensitive to wall temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1192-1204
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Nuclear Science and Technology
Volume53
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2 2016

Keywords

  • annulus
  • condensation
  • interfacial area concentration
  • subcooled boiling
  • two-fluid model
  • two-phase flow
  • validation
  • wall nucleation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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