Modeling and mitigation of denitrification 'woodchip' bioreactor phosphorus releases during treatment of aquaculture wastewater

Kata L. Sharrer, Laura E. Christianson, Christine Lepine, Steven T. Summerfelt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Denitrification 'woodchip' bioreactors designed to remove nitrate from agricultural waters may either be phosphorus sources or sinks. A 24 d batch test showed woodchip leaching is an important source of phosphorus during bioreactor start-up with a leaching potential of approximately 20-30 mg P per kg wood. The most rapid phosphorus release occurred within the first 24 h regardless of deionized water or aquaculture wastewater matrices; the Elovitch equation generally best modeled this multi-phasic P leaching. Four pilot-scale bioreactors consistently removed total phosphorus from aquaculture wastewater (15-54% removal efficiency). All bioreactors initially exported dissolved reactive phosphorus, although the lower flow rate treatments eventually resulted in dissolved reactive phosphorus removal. Filtered wastewater solids may have contributed more to longer-term P leaching than the woodchips.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-143
Number of pages9
JournalEcological Engineering
Volume93
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Leaching
  • Nutrient pollution
  • Phosphorus
  • Water quality
  • Woodchip bioreactor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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