Modeling and interpretation of fiber orientation-based failure mechanisms in machining of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer composites

Kevin A. Calzada, Shiv G. Kapoor, Richard E. Devor, Johnson Samuel, Anil K. Srivastava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The development and implementation of a microstructure-based finite element model for the machining of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer composites is presented. A new approach to interfacial modeling is introduced where the material interface is modeled using continuum elements, allowing failure to take place in either tension or compression. The model is capable of describing the fiber failure mode occurring throughout the chip formation process. Characteristic fiber length in the chips, and machining forces for microstructures with fibers orientated at 0°, 45°, 90°, and 135° are examined. For model validation purposes, the model-based machining performance predictions are compared to the machining responses from a set of orthogonal machining experiments. A parametric study is presented that identifies a robust tool geometry, which minimizes the effects of fiber orientation and size on the machining forces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-149
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Manufacturing Processes
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2012

Keywords

  • Aligned CFRP composites
  • Failure mechanisms
  • Finite element model
  • Interface modeling
  • Micro-machining

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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