Modeling and Design Optimization of Rotor Flux-Barriers in a Brushless Doubly-Fed Reluctance Machine

Shivang Agrawal, Hadi Chouhdry, Debranjan Mukherjee, Arijit Banerjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A brushless doubly-fed reluctance machine requires partially-rated power converter, reduced maintenance, and operates without permanent magnets making it an attractive option for many applications such electrified propulsion and wind energy conversion system. However, BDFRMs have inherently poor torque density and high torque ripple. Since the flux modulation in a BDFRM is carried out by the rotor, the rotor structure plays an important role in torque production. This article proposes an analytical approach to model the effect of the rotor flux-barriers on the mean and ripple torque. The method shows that the instantaneous torque is highly sensitive to the location of these flux-barriers. A rotor with two flux-barriers per pole is used to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. The proposed modeling framework is used to optimize the rotor geometry, stator geometry and excitations to maximize mean torque and minimize ripple. One of the candidate designs obtained from the pareto front is manufactured. The analytical torque profile is validated using both the finite element analysis (FEA) and experimental tests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3131-3142
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • air-gap flux density
  • brushless
  • Doubly-fed
  • flux-barriers
  • modeling
  • optimization
  • torque ripple

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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